nathanhewett Premium
nathanhewett

Jack Jumper Ant - Myrmecia pilosula

Samford valley reserve. QLD.
The jack jumper ant, hopper ant, jumper ant or jumping jack, Myrmecia pilosula, is a species of bull ant that is native to Au...
Read more

Samford valley reserve. QLD.
The jack jumper ant, hopper ant, jumper ant or jumping jack, Myrmecia pilosula, is a species of bull ant that is native to Australia. The ants are recorded throughout the country, but are most often found in Tasmania, rural Victoria, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory and the southeast area of South Australia.
These ants are black or red and black, and may have yellow or orange legs, antennae and mandibles. They are 10-12 mm long. Their characteristic jumping motion when in an agitated state gave them their name. Their nests may be inconspicuously hidden under a rock, or may be formed from a 20 to 60 cm diameter mound of finely granular gravel.
As with many species of bull ants, jack jumper ants are usually solitary when they forage, though they live in colonies like most ants, and only workers forage. They are highly territorial; fights among jack jumper ants from different, and even the same, colonies are not uncommon.
Jack jumper ants are carnivores and scavengers. They sting their victims with venom that is similar to stings of wasps, bees, and fire ants. Their venom is one of the most powerful in the insect world. Jack jumper ants are proven hunters; even wasps are hunted and devoured. These ants have excellent vision, which aids them in hunting.
The symptoms of the stings of the ants are similar to stings of the fire ants. The reaction is local swelling and reddening, and fever, followed by formation of a blister. The heart rate increases, and blood pressure falls rapidly. In individuals allergic to the venom (about 3% of cases), a sting sometimes causes anaphylactic shock. Although 3% may seem small, jack jumper ants cause more deaths in Tasmania than spiders, snakes, wasps, and sharks combined. One of the problems for humans is that these things jump, and in doing so can easily end up above a shoe or athletic sock.
Treatment is very similar to wasp and bee stings. There is also an allergy immunotherapy program developed for jack jumper stings using their own venom. The jack jumper ant genome is contained on a single pair of chromosomes (males have just one chromosome as they are haploid), the lowest number known (or even possible) for any animal.

Read less

Views

420

Likes

Awards

Peer Award
petercaban ShurikShurik DennisGodin Steve_Thomas priscillakucevich
Superior Skill
feliciemilhit VHiggins
Absolute Masterpiece
MERCEDESS bxrdg6
Top Choice
john-paulflavell constancemorris
Magnificent Capture
JT_Foulds thecatsmeow
Superb Composition
Txilekoa kpugazh

Top ClassTM

My Best Shot Photo Contest Vol 1Top 10 class
My Best Shot Photo Contest Vol 1Top 10 class week 2
My Best Shot Photo Contest Vol 1Top 10 class week 1
Plants And Critters Photo ContestTop 10 class
Plants And Critters Photo ContestTop 10 class week 1

Categories


1 Comment | Report
VHiggins
 
VHiggins December 29, 2015
amazing details!!
nathanhewett Premium
nathanhewett January 25, 2016
Thanks!
ViewBug
Join and share your creativity.
Or
Already have a ViewBug account? Log In

*By signing up, you agree to our Terms of Use and to receive ViewBug emails & updates and acknowledge that read our Privacy Policy.