Landscapes are very popular among photographers but it takes a lot to master landscape photography. ViewBug community member and award winning photographer Ivan Pedretti, shares 7 must know tips for shooting landscapes like a pro.

1. Plan your shoot:

Check Google Earth to figure out what you'll find in your location, how to position yourself relative to the Sun or the Milky Way if night, using applications that allow you to understand where to find the sun at sunset or sunrise or the Milky Way and the moon phases if you are shooting a nightscape. Don't forget to check the weather, if you need a clear sky for ninghtsape or a sky with clouds for sunset and sunrise.

2 Take your time:

When you get to the location considering the scene well, seeking the best composition, direction of the natural light, the position of the sun or moon and or the Milky Way as you had planned. Don't get there five minutes before sunset or sunrise, but at least one hour before in order to have time to prepare everything.

3. Check the composition:

The composition is very important, it's just not counts main subject, as may be the sky, the sea, for example, but also the foreground. When you think of a composition ask yourself what will be the impact element then use the rule of thirds with the points of interest and teh leading lines for well balanced and interesting shots.

4. Focus the subject:

Use a Tripod and use the hyper focal distance, focusing your camera at the hyper focal distance ensures maximum sharpness from half this distance all the way to infinity. This method is useful for daylight shots, for nightscapes you can also use focus stacking in order to make sure your image is sharp throughout. I use manual focus for landscapes and for nightscapes.

5. Panoramic:

If you take a panoramic photo, consider making many shots, it depends on the focal you use, trying to overlap 40-70% between shots and the next one. Use the tripod and keeping your camera level becomes more important as you combine more images. Then you'll stitched them with lightroom panoramic function or photoshop.

6. Filters:

For daylight shots it's better using graduated filters and/or ND filters for long exposures, and filters are useful for capturing clouds movement or blurring the water movement like in the seascapes or in waterfall shots. In nightscapes I don't use any filter.

7 . Equipment:

It's essential a good tripod, then a wide angle, I use a 16-35mm f4 for landscapes and a 14mm 2.8 for panoramics and nightscapes. Sometimes I shoot also with a 70-200. Shoot in RAW, and I process my photos in Lightroom and Photoshop. My workflow consists of lens correction, chromatic aberration, white balance, and tone curve adjustments with luminosity masks. Then the final processing is the sharpening for the web.

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